Polar low publications

Here’s an in no way complete list of polar low or polar low-relevant publications. Please let us know if you know of publications that are missing from the list.


  • Zabolotskikh, E. V., I. A. Gurvich and B. Chapron: New areas of polar lows over the Arctic as a result of the decrease in sea ice extent. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. DOI: 10.1134/S0001433815090200


  • Forsythe, J.M. and J. M. Haynes: CloudSat Observes a Labrador Sea Polar Low. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00058.1
  • Papritz, L. et al.: A Climatology of Cold Air Outbreaks and Their Impact on Air–Sea Heat Fluxes in the High-Latitude South Pacific. J. Climate. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00482.1
  • Terpstra, A. et al.: Idealised simulations of polar low development in an Arctic moist-baroclinic environment. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.2507
  • Smirnova, J. E. et al.: Polar low climatology over the Nordic and Barents seas based on satellite passive microwave data. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063865
  • Yanase, W. et al.: Climatology of polar lows over the Sea of Japan using the JRA-55 reanalysis. Journal of Climate. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0291.1
  • Rojo, M. et al.: Polar low tracks over the Nordic Seas: a 14-winter climatic analysis. Tellus A. DOI: 10.3402/tellusa.v67.24660
  • Kolstad, E. W.: Extreme small-scale wind episodes over the Barents Sea — when, where and why? Clim. Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2462-4


  • Shimada, U. et al.: Roles of an upper-level cold vortex and low-level baroclinicity in the development of polar lows over the Sea of Japan. Tellus A. DOI: 10.3402/tellusa.v66.24694
  • Laffineur, T. et al.: Polar Lows over the Nordic Seas: Improved Representation in ERA-Interim Compared to ERA-40 and the Impact on Downscaled Simulations. Monthly Weather Review. DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00171.1
  • Zappa, G. et al.: Can Polar Lows be Objectively Identified and Tracked in the ECMWF Operational Analysis and the ERA-Interim Reanalysis? Monthly Weather Review. DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-14-00064.1


  • McInnes, H. et al.: An observational study of an arctic front during he IPY-THORPEX 2008 campaign. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.2088
  • Mallet, P.-E. et al.: Polar lows over the Nordic and Labrador Seas: Synoptic circulation patterns and associations with North Atlantic-Europe wintertime weather regimes. J. Geophys. Res. DOI10.1002/jgrd.50246


  • Føre, I. and T. E. Nordeng: A polar low observed over the Norwegian Sea on 3–4 March 2008: high-resolution numerical experiments. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.1930
  • Føre, I. et al.: A ‘hurricane-like’ polar low fuelled by sensible heat flux: high-resolution numerical simulations. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.1876
  • Adakudlu, M.: Impact of different initial conditions on the growth of polar lows: idealised baroclinic channel simulations. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.1867


  • McInnes, H. et al.: The role of horizontal resolution for polar low simulations. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.849
  • Wagner, J. S. et al.: The mesoscale structure of a polar low: airborne lidar measurements and simulations. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.857
  • Føre, I. et al.: The full life cycle of a polar low over the Norwegian Sea observed by three research aircraft flights. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.825
  • Irvine, E. A. et al.: Targeted observations of a polar low in the Norwegian Sea. Q .J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.914
  • Noer, G. et al.: A climatological study of polar lows in the Nordic Seas. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.846
  • Kristjánsson, J. E. et al.: Orographic influence of east Greenland on a polar low over the Denmark Strait. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.831
  • Kolstad, E. W.: A global climatology of favourable conditions for polar lows. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1002/qj.88
  • Kristiansen, J. et al.: High-resolution ensemble prediction of a polar low development. Tellus A. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00498.x
  • Wu, L., et al.: Piecewise potential vorticity diagnosis of the development of a polar low over the Sea of Japan. Tellus A. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00511.x
  • Adakudlu, M. and I. Barstad: Impacts of the ice-cover and sea-surface temperature on a polar low over the Nordic seas: a numerical case study. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.856
  • Linders, T., et al.: Limited polar low sensitivity to sea-surface temperature. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI: 10.1002/qj.718


  • Inoue, J. et al.: A polar low embedded in a blocking high over the Pacific Arctic. Geophys. Res. Lett. DOI10.1029/2010GL043946
  • Bracegirdle, T. J. and E. W. Kolstad: Climatology and variability of Southern Hemisphere marine cold-air outbreaks. Tellus A. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2009.00431.x [Download]


  • Blechschmidt, A.-M. et al.: Large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns during polar low events over the Nordic seas. J. Geophys. Res. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010865
  • Kolstad, E. W., T. J. Bracegirdle and I. A. Seierstad: Marine cold-air outbreaks in the North Atlantic: temporal distribution and associations with large-scale atmospheric circulation. Climate Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0431-5 [Download]


  • Blechschmidt, A.-M.: A 2-year climatology of polar low events over the Nordic Seas from satellite remote sensing. Geophys. Res. Lett. DOI10.1029/2008GL033706.
  • Kolstad, E. W. and T. J. Bracegirdle: Marine cold-air outbreaks in the future: an assessment of IPCC AR4 model results for the northern hemisphere. Climate Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-007-0331-0 [Download]
  • Sætra, Ø., et al.: Can polar lows lead to a warming of the ocean surface? Tellus A. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2007.00279.x


  • Claud, C. et al.: Associations between large-scale atmospheric circulation and polar low developments over the North Atlantic during winter. J. Geophys. Res. DOI10.1029/2006JD008251


Kolstad, E. W. (2006): A new climatology of favourable conditions for reverse-shear polar lows. Tellus A. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2006.00171.x [Download]


Yanase, W., and H. Niino: Effects of baroclinicity on the cloud pattern and structure of polar lows: A high-resolution numerical experimentGeophys. Res. Lett. DOI: 10.1029/2004GL020469


  • Rasmussen, E. A. and J. Turner: Polar lows – Mesoscale Weather Systems in the Polar Regions, Cambridge University Press. [Google Books]
  • Gachon, P., et al.: The effects of interactions between surface forcings in the development of a model-simulated polar low in Hudson Bay. Tellus A. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.2003.201267.x

Before 2000

One thought on “Polar low publications

  1. Helene Bresson

    Good afternoon,

    You have missed at least two publications:
    – Condron A. & Renfrew I. (2012): ” The impact of polar mesoscale storms on northeast Atlantic Ocean circulation” (DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1661)
    – Zahn M. & von Storch H. (2010): ” Decreasing frequency of North Atlantic polar lows associated with future climate warming” (DOI: 10.1038/nature09388)

    Kind Regards,

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